Terpinene is a term used to refer to a group of isomeric hydrocarbons that are classified as monoterpenes. Terpinene is most commonly referred to as alpha-terpinene (a-terpinene). It is derived from cannabis along with many additional plant sources such as cardamom, marjoram, and oils of juniper and eucalyptus. Terpinene is known to be a chemical rearrangement of pinene.
It is distinctly known for its spicy fragrance and taste and is not considered to be a terpene that is researched in much depth. It tends to add a bit of zip to any type of food it’s in. Because terpinene is found in cardamom and cardamom is frequently used in curry, you might have come across it at some point when eating an Indian dish.
Cultures of a Mediterranean background often use marjoram in their dishes and terpinene is also found in that. Many oils use terpinene that is applied to the skin, such as tea tree oil. Tea tree oil contains antifungal, antiseptic, and antibacterial properties and has been used as a remedy for conditions involving these issues for many years. It has been noted that terpinene might have a passive role in assisting with some of these conditions because of it being found in tea tree oil.
Research in a 2012 study found in the Chemical Research in Toxicology journal revealed that terpinene in tea tree oil is an active antioxidant. Two cannabis variations that are said to contain a high concentration of terpinene are Sentinal and Warwick. Although the sensory effects of terpinene, if any, are not very clear, more research is needed to understand its role and relationship to cannabis. Terpinene has mostly been used in the food and drug industry as a flavoring agent and as an aroma for candles and perfumes.
Use of Term
I used some tea tree oil the other day and noticed it had terpinene in it.