More typically used as a flavouring agent and as a food additive, Isoborneol is a terpene that has a woody camp fire, spicy fragrance about it.
Aside from being used as an additive in food, it is also a natural insect repellent. One example of how Isoborneol is used in food, manufacturers use it in chewing gum to produce a fruity flavour. When utilized as a food enhancer and also with beverages, Isoborneol is a white solid monoterpene that imparts a fruity or spicy flavor. This Isoborneol terpene infuses perfumes with the same aromatic properties similar to a camphor quality reminiscent of verdant deep woods.
Other food items where one may have encountered Isoborneol is in baked goods such as gingerbread cookies and carrot cake. Hard candies with fruit flavours and soft drinks like grape or orange soda also contain the Isoborneol additive.
Isoborneol also possesses significant therapeutic properties as a potential antiviral agent. Research has shown that there is a specific potency in Isoborneol that could potentially treat the common herpes simplex virus. It has also shown to possess neuroprotective, antimicrobial and antitumor properties.
In a study published in 1999, it was declared that Isoborneol acted as a formidable inhibitor of Herpes Simplex Virus type 1, which causes painful sores or fever blisters to form around the mouth. In the study, within a 30 minute exposure to Isoborneol the Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 was inactivated. In addition to this, the study also revealed that Isoborneol inhibited replication of the HSV-1 virus. However, further ongoing tests on human and monkey subjects are required.
In conjunction with other terpenes such as camphene and linalool, Isoborneol could also potentially possess antimicrobial qualities within essential oils that are used in traditional Chinese medicine. In a 2013 study, terpenes and a variety of others were compared to examine the antimicrobial activity of different essential oils. The study found that the oil containing Isoborneol exhibited the highest antimicrobial effect when tested against fungal and bacterial strains.
Use of Term
The isoborneol in this weed makes it taste like a mixture of fruit and spices.