There are roughly 200 or even more bio-active compounds that have been discovered in cannabis. Standing out predominantly are the more widely known phytocannabinoids and terpenes. Then we have flavanoids. They encompass roughly 10% of these known compounds with approximately 20 varieties known to exist in cannabis.
Derived from the Latin term flavus, “flavonoid” actually references the colour yellow as it appears throughout nature. This understandably makes sense considering a primary function of flavonoids is to provide colour pigmentation of hues, shades and tones to plants, notably in flowers, for the purpose of attracting pollinators.
From vegetables, fruits to flowers, scientists have identified thousands of abundant flavonoids all throughout nature. As such, flavonoids are not exclusive to the cannabis plant. It is the most understudied compounds found within the plant. However with all that being said, there are some flavonoids that are known to be found only specifically within cannabis. Known as cannaflavins and similar to terpenes, flavonoids share a role in how we become cognizant of cannabis through our senses. But flavonoids offer much more than what encounters our olfactory and palate senses.
But what exactly is a flavonoid? Flavonoids are made up of classes of poly-phenolic compounds that act as secondary metabolites to a myriad of plants and assorted fungi. Flavonoids span a varied spectrum with over 6,000 varieties identified. Just as they do with other flowers, flavonoids also affect the pigmentation of cannabis.
A vast majority of edible vegetables and fruits which contain non-green pigmentation have vivid colours in part due to flavonoids. They are also in part responsible for protecting plants against a variety of elements such as diseases, pests, and potentially harmful UV rays.
We often accredit the flavors and aromas of cannabis to terpenes. However, flavonoids also play an important contributing role in bestowing the distinguishing qualities and characteristics we use to differentiate between each individual strain varieties. With thanks due to the synergistic qualities that flavonoids and terpenes share in concert with one another, the unmistakeable flavour and smell are made possible.
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This strain of cannabis must contain a huge number of flavonoids. Just look at the purple hue of this bud, it smells outstanding.