Decarboxylation is known as the process of heating a cannabinoid up to a high enough temperature that it removes a carboxyl group and increases its ability to interact with the receptors in the body. The two main things that decarboxylation is dependent on is time and temperature. If tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is exposed to heat, it will decarboxylate into THC. It will also naturally decarboxylate into THC over a long period of time. Marijuana is not known to be intoxicating with psychoactive effects in its raw plant form.
THCA is the compound that is found in marijuana, and in order for the psychoactive effects to kick in, it must be heated and converted to THC. This is why when you heat up cannabis, the THCA is quickly converted to THC, and inhaling the vapor will provide the high. The high achieved with the use of edibles will not reach its most potent effect if the body doesn’t decarboxylate the cannabis properly. Decarboxylation can be thought of as the process that gives users the ability to get high.
Decarboxylation is required to make sure that CBD is activated. The correct temperature for decarboxylation is important because if you don’t get it correct, then you cant decarboxylate the cannabis accurately. Too high of a temperature will mess up the process and the aroma may be ruined. The length at which you need to heat up cannabis in order for decarboxylation to occur will depend on what temperature you are heating it at.
If you are using a fairly high temperature, it won’t take very long, but if you using a low temperature, then the process will take a longer period of time. You also won’t want to use such a high temperature that it will burn the cannabis material to ashes.