When a cannabis plant is clipped, planted, and grown in a separate location, this creates a Clone of the mother plant. A clone produces a genetic copy by asexually propagating the plant. This is a useful tool to preserve and spread out strong genetics, effects, flavours, and aromas.
In cannabis propagation, the method of making clones is very popular because it is a budget-friendly process that is considered quicker than growing plants straight from seeds. It also leads to plants that have the same genetics and established growth patterns as the stable, successful plant from which the clones originated. It needs to be mentioned that hybrid strains, arising from the cross-breeding of two different strains, can replicate only through taking cuttings and making clones.
The most popular type of cannabis clone is produced by plant cutting, but tissue culture is also a reliable method used by some commercial researchers. By using clean, sterile shears, a razor blade, or even a knife, a grower simply takes a stem cutting that is around five inches long from the parent plant to clone a plant.
The best way to cut the stem is at an angle of 45 degrees. Make the cut about half an inch above the leaf node to ensure successful propagation. After removing the cuttings, a lot of humidity should and small amounts of fertiliser (if any at all) should be applied. A lot of growers also use a type of rooting hormone gel or powder to ensure the process is more effective. Cuttings are often stored together in a cloner or humidity dome. They are moved to new locations once they begin to grow roots. When grown, the cuttings considered to be clones, with the same genetics as the plants from which they derive. Cannabis cloning is an easy process and does not require considerable gardening experience.
Use of Term
I clipped a few clones from my Northern Lights plant now I have a few young plants as well.