Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is a fairly rare condition that causes a patient to have very severe vomiting over repeated occasions. It is said to occur mainly in people that are heavy and long-term users of cannabis. Because of so many different effects that cannabis can have on the body, researchers are still trying ot determine what causes cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. Marijuana is typically found to have an effect on the brain that provides relief from nausea for the user.
This is why people that are undergoing chemotherapy will find relief when using cannabis. The effect on the digestive tract is a little different and can cause people to have nausea and vomiting, though. When one develops a tolerance to marijuana, the receptors in the brain can actually refrain from responding to it, and that is a potential cause of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. It is still confusing for researchers why some heavy users will get it and some won’t. There are 3 different stages to the syndrome.
The initial stage is the prodromal phase and is characterized by symptoms of nausea and abdominal pain that occur early in the morning. The second phase is called the hyperemetic phase and some symptoms in this stage are continuous nausea, non-stop vomiting, low appetite, weight loss, and dehydration. Vomiting in this phase is said to be fairly extreme. The final phase is defined as the recovery phase and the symptoms typically decline and go away.
People can usually eat again and this last phase can last days, weeks, or months on end. If the person starts using marijuana like the did before, the symptoms can come back. If you are a heavy user of marijuana and have long-term nausea and abdominal pain, it’s best to get checked for this syndrome.
Use of Term
I suffered from a bout of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome and couldn’t stop vomiting for two days.